1. Synchronization can be accomplished only between (or among) ______devices. (p. 135)

a. audio-to-audio recorders

b. video-to-video recorders

c. audio-to-video recorders

d. all of the above

2. A disadvantage of VITC is: (p. 137)

a. it must be recorded at the same time as the video image

b. it can’t be recorded at the same time as the video image

c. it can’t be read at slow speeds

d. it can’t be read at still-frame

3. Videotape has how many frames per second? (p. 136)

a. 24

b. 25

c. 29.97

d. 30

4. SMPTE time code is read in: (p. 136)

a. hours, minutes, seconds, and milliseconds

b. hours, minutes, seconds, and frames

c. hours, minutes, seconds, and pulses

d. zero start or time of day, depending on the method selected during encoding

5. MIDI time code was developed as a way to: (p. 137)

a. translate SMPTE time code into MIDI messages

b. translate MIDI messages into SMPTE time code

c. translate MIDI messages into the IEC standard

d. none of the above

6. Which one of the following time codes was developed to standardize the time code system used in digital audiocassette recorders? (p. 137)

a. SMPTE

b. VITC

c. MIDI

d. the IEC standard

7. _________ produces new time code during dubbing. (p. 138)

a. jam sync

b. freewheel

c. window dubbing

d. double-system recording

8. When recording time code on audiotape, it should be recording on the edge track. (p. 138)

a. lowest number

b. highest number

c. on the blank track adjacent to the last encoded track

d. on the blank track adjacent to the highest number edge track

9. The drop frame and nondrop frame formats are compatible so long as they are used at the outset of a recording. (p. 140)

a. true

b. false

10. Single-system sound records the picture only on videotape or picture film and the sound only on audiotape or magnetic film. (p. 140)

a. true

b. false

11. The process of transferring sound from audiotape to magnetic film is called: (p. 144)

a. slating

b. crystal synchronization

c. resolving

d. frame locking

12. The device that controls the position and speed of the “slave” transport(s) and “master” machine’s transport is called a: (p. 141)

a. clapslate

b. resolver

c. sync lock

d. synchronizer

13. What is dropped in drop frame time code? (p. 140)

a. Sync tones

b. Video frames

c. frame numbers only

d. clapslates

14. Smpte time code: (p.136)

a. is used only with video and film

b. cannot be recorded on audiotape

c. has only one type

d. can be recorded on audiotape.

15. The unique identifying code number which tags or marks each frame of videotape is called a: (p.136)

a. drop frame

b. IEC standard

c. time code address

d. interface

16. Jitter can cause adverse sonic effects including: (p.139)

a. reduced detail

b. harsher sound

c. ghost imaging

d. all of the above

17. A compressor/limiter is an example of a(n) ________ signal processor. (p. 155)

a. spectrum

b. time

c. amplitude

d. noise

18. A reverberation device is an example of a(n) ________ signal processor. (p. 150)

a. spectrum

b. time

c. amplitude

d. noise

19. Equalization that alters sound by boosting or cutting is known as: (p. 147)

a. high- and low-pass filtering

b. shelving

c. peak/dip

d. notch

20. Filters can both amplify (increase) and attenuate (decrease) frequencies (p. 149)

a. true

b. false

21. A graphic equalizer is a type of fixed-frequency equalizer. (p. 148)

a. true

b. false

22. A parametric equalizer adds the following capability to that of a fixed frequency equalizer: (p. 148)

a. variable shelving

b. variable levels

c. variable bandwidths

d. variable boost or cut

23. A high-pass filter attenuates: (p. 149)

a. high frequencies

b. low frequencies

c. midrange frequencies

d. does not attenuate but, rather, boosts frequencies

24. The best choice of filter for removing a 60 Hz hum from a recording would be a:

(p. 149)

a. notch filter

b. high-pass filter

c. low-pass filter

d. band-pass filter

25. Which reverberation system facilitates the most specific manipulation of reverb times? (p. 150)

a. tape

b. plate

c. chamber

d. digital

26. Which reverberation system is the most natural and realistic type of simulated reverb? (p. 152)

a. tape

b. plate

c. acoustic chamber

d. digital

27. One of the following is not a use of delay: (p. 153)

a. doubling

b. flanging

c. slap back echo

d. morphing

28. A compressor is a processor whose: (p. 156)

a. output level increases at a slower rate as its input level increases

b. input level increases at a slower rate as its output level increases

c. output level stays at or below a present point regardless of its input level

d. output level remains at unity gain as its level increases

29. A limiter is a compressor whose: (p. 156)

a. output level increases at a slower rate as its input level increases

b. input level increases at a slower rate as its output level increases

c. output level stays at or below a preset point regardless of its input level

d. output level remains at unity gain as its level increases

30. Which of the following is not an effect of compression on sound? (p. 156)

a. increases noise when compression ratios are wide

b. minimizes wide changes in loudness if the talent varies mic-to-source distance

c. smooths variations in attack

d. increases dynamic range

31. A device whose function is the inverse to that of the compressor is a(n): (p. 159)

a. noise gate

b. expander

c. de-esser

d. aural exciter

32. A noise gate is an example of a single-ended noise reducer. (p. 159)

a. true

b. false

33. In general, during double-ended noise reduction quiet passages in the sound are recorded at a higher-than-normal level. During playback the signal: (p. 160)

a. is returned to its original dynamic range with both level and noise reduced where

they were increased during recording

b. remains louder than normal, masking the noise

c. is gated, thereby separating it from the noise

d. is expanded and the noise is compressed

34. A compander affects the signal during: (p. 162)

a. record only

b. playback only

c. record and playback

d. selective synchronization

35. Virtually any unwanted sound can be eliminated by using: (p. 164)

a. a compressor

b. a noise gate

c. a compander

d. DSP

36. Plug-ins are: (p.165)

a. are not very verstaile

b. capable of performing an extremely wide variety of signal processing

c. becoming outmoded

d. are available only in expensive bundles.

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