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Chapter 6


1. Analog recording differs from digital recording in that analog recording is: (p. 102)
a. filtered
b. continuous
c. noncontinuous
d. synchronized

2. Which of the following is not a layer in the makeup of audiotape? (p. 102)
a. plastic base
b. binder
c. magnetic coating
d. magnetic adhesive

3. Analogue recording is still far more widespread than digital recording (p. 101)
a. true
b. false
c. true but digital recording is gaining
d. true in some cases but not for music recordinh

4. Print-through is: (p. 102)
a. the amount of signal stored on a tape after recording
b. how evenly magnetic particles on a tape are aligned after the force field is removed
c. the dB value that indicates when a tape is saturated
d. when an encoded signal from one layer of tape affects the encoded signal of an adjacent layer of tape

5.A recording intended for long-term storage should be: (p. 103)
a. recorded on high-output tape
b. wound and rewound only when required for playback
c. stored “tails out”
d. stored “heads out”

6. In a tape transport system, the capstan: (p. 104)
a. is the rubber wheel that spins only when it pulls the tape across the heads
b. is a precision drive shaft that regulates the tape speed
c. controls the tension (or torque) of the feed and takeup reels
d. is another name for “takeup idler”

7. The faster the tape speed, the poorer the sound quality. (p. 106)
a. true
b. false

8. In professional, three-head analog audiotape recorders, the head arrangement is (from left to right): (p. 107)
a. record, erase, playback
b. record, playback, erase
c. erase, record, playback
d. playback, erase, record

9. Bias current is a: (p. 107)
a. high-frequency current that linearizes the magnetic recording on a tape and, therefore, makes the process of magnetic tape recording possible
b. high-frequency current used to eliminate “flutter” in magnetic recording
c. high-frequency current used to eliminate “wow” in magnetic recording
d. high-frequency current fed through the scrape flutter filter to ensure optimal head-to-tape contact

10. The recorded path a signal makes on tape is called a: (p. 108)
a. track
b. channel
c. headstack
d. guard band

11. Aligning the heads on an analog tape recorder would not include adjusting the: (p. 109)
a. wrap
b. azimuth
c. scrape flutter filter
d. zenith

12. Sel sync (selective synchronization): (p. 110)
a. synchronizes two or more tracks in the transfer of a multitrack recording to stereo
b. synchronizes at the record head sound being recorded and played back at the same time
c. synchronizes two or more tape recorders so that they can run at exactly the same speed
d. synchronizes audiotape recorder speed with film camera speed when shooting double system sound

13. Magnetic film: (p. 112)
a. has an oxide coating down one side and picture covering most of the film
b. has two stripes of oxide on either side of the film stock and picture in the middle
c. is similar to audiotape in that it contains all audio on an optical track and no picture
d. is similar to audiotape in that contains all sound and no picture, and it has similar magnetic characteristics

14. Overdubbing is: (p. 118)
a. using the record head to both playback and record
b. same as sel sync
c. replacing a sound with another sound
d. putting a sound on top of another sound on a track

15. The rate at which the fixed intervals sample the original signal is called the: (p. 113)
a. analog to digital conversion
b. frequency response
c. coding
d. sampling frequency

16. To digitally encode the highest frequency in a signal successfully, it has to be sampled at a rate at least ________ its frequency: (p. 113)
a. twice
b. three times
c. four times
d. none of the above

17. The more quantizing levels there are:(p. 115)
a. the longer the word length or bit depth
b. the shorter the word length or bit depth
c. the higher the SPL will be
d. the less accurate the digital representation


18. In digital recording, very high frequencies (17,000 Hz and higher) need to be attenuated to prevent aliasing. What type of device is used to do this? (p. 117)
a. low-pass filter
b. mic preamp
c. high-pass filter, set low
d. digital compressor

19. _______ has made digital audio networking possible. (p. 131)
a. DVD
b. The Yellow Book Standard

20. The main limitation of Mini discs is: (p. 123)
a. very expensive media
b. non-portability
c. difficult to locate areas of the disc
d. its data compression scheme limits its use for critical recording

Last week we discussed the evolution of technology and audio products.  You were given time to research dates and when products became available.  I would like for you to get artistic and put your data to paper and create a colorful timeline.  I will be taking the best ones from each class and posting on our classroom wall.

Get creative in creating your timeline.  They can be horizontal, vertical or any other way you’d like to make it.  Here is an example, but don’t let the example hinder your creativity.

March 2011
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